Oral surgery is the area of ​​dental medicine dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries and anomalies of the teeth, mouth, jaws and attached structures.

This includes oral surgery?

The field of action of oral surgery is very extensive, including extractions of teeth included or present in the arch; endodontic surgery, which is indicated when endodontic treatment is not successful; surgery for cystic or tumor pathology; periodontal surgery; implantology (see specialty of Oral Implantology); pre-prosthetic surgery, which consists of preparing the jaws for a prosthesis to be performed; infectious lesion surgery and oral traumatology.

What is an included tooth?

Dental inclusion is a developmental change in which a particular tooth remains within the tissues of the oral cavity (bone or mucosa). The teeth that are most frequently found in this situation are the third molars (wisdom teeth), especially the lower ones.

How do I know if I have a tooth included?

The diagnosis of the inclusion of a tooth can only be made using radiographic examinations, with the need to select which method is most suitable for each case.

I have a tooth included. Should I extract it?

However, there is no general rule for the decision, and the different criteria must be considered in each clinical situation.

Will I be in a lot of pain?

The evolution that dentistry in general has undergone in recent decades allows us to affirm that the discomfort associated with any surgical procedure is minimal. All surgical procedures themselves are traumatic, but can be minimized. The application of an adequate anesthetic technique, an atraumatic surgical technique and the adoption of an effective postoperative medication will allow you a high comfort during and after the surgery.

Should I eat before an oral surgery?

Yes, if the procedure is performed under local anesthesia, you should avoid a long period of fasting at the time of surgery.

What should I do after an oral surgery?

Care in the postoperative period is very important to minimize the sequelae resulting from the surgical procedure and to promote healing. All recommendations to be adopted specifically for each case will be given, however, generally, you should:

apply ice (or gel bags for cryotherapy) on the face over the intervention area during the first 24 hours, in alternate periods;
avoid exposure to the sun, hot and hard foods and physical efforts;
diet should be soft or liquid and cold in the first 24 to 48 hours;
rest and sleep with the head higher and lie on the unintervened side;
in the region of the surgical wound, brush carefully, preferably with a surgical brush, and after the first 24 hours;
light mouthwash two to three times a day with an oral antiseptic, starting only 24 hours after surgery;
avoid smoking mainly during the first 24 hours;
strictly comply with the prescribed medication.

What to do if you have a hemorrhage?

It is normal to experience slight bleeding in the first 24 hours. If the bleeding is more intense, you should fold one or more sterile gauze pads, place over the intervention area and compress with the opposing teeth until the bleeding is controlled. Apply ice and avoid lying down. If bleeding persists, you should contact us.

Have questions? Please contact us and we will will to answer your questions.